golden bronze old pendulum, clocks


GROTESQUE


SPECIFICATIONS​


SUBJECT ECHOING GROTESQUE ROMAN FRESCOES.
INTERESTING MIRRORED FIGURES ARE THE TWO ANGELIC WOMEN, REFERENCES TO "DOLCE STIL NOVO", WHICH SUPPORT THE CASE.
THE CLOCK AND THE CASE ARE BOTH IN GOLDEN BRONZE MERCURY.
THE BLACK MARBLE BASE WITH A GOLDEN BRONZE MERCURY PANELLING.
BASE ALSO IN GOLDEN BRONZE MERCURY.

TYPOLOGY:
PENDULUM

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA:
​FRANCE.

PERIOD:
LUIS XVI (1774-1792).

MEASUREMENTS IN CENTIMETRES:
41x25x9.5

CASE GLAZED IN GOLDEN BRONZE.

MECHANICAL OUTPUT WITH ANCHOR.

SUSPENSION WAND.

CHIMES ON THE HALF HOUR.





BRIEF INTRODUCTION

GROTESQUE


GROTESQUES ARE A PICTORIAL SUBJECT OF MURAL DECORATION VERY POPULAR SINCE 1500 AND TO WHICH THE VASARI DEDICATED CHAPTER XXVII ON HIS INTRODUCTION TO THE THREE ARTS OF DESIGN. 
GROTESQUE DECORATION IS CHARACTERISED BY THE REPRESENTATION OF HYBRID AND MONSTROUS BEINGS, CHIMERA, WHICH ARE OFTEN DEPICTED AS SLIM, FANCIFUL FIGURINES, THAT COME TOGETHER IN GEOMETRIC AND NATURALISTIC DECORATION, STRUCTURED IN SYMMETRICAL MANNER, ON A WHITE BACKGROUND IN GENERAL OR OTHERWISE MONOCHROME. THE FIGURES ARE VERY COLOURFUL AND GIVE RISE TO FRAMES, PROSPECTIVE EFFECTS, BUT ALWAYS KEEPING SOME LEVITY AND AIRINESS. 
THE NAME GROTESQUE, AS EXPLAINED BY BENVENUTO CELLINI IN HIS AUTOBIOGRAPHY, STEMS FROM THE CAVES OF THE ESQUILINE HILL IN ROME, WHERE THE UNDERGROUND REMAINS OF THE NERO’S GOLDEN HOUSE LAY, DISCOVERED IN 1480 AND IMMEDIATELY BECOMING POPULAR AMONG ARTISTS OF THAT TIME WHO OFTEN MADE CASTINGS TO STUDY THE IMAGINATIVE PAINT THAT HAD BEEN FOUND. AMONG THESE ARTISTS WERE FILIPPINO LIPPI, IL PINTURICCHIO, RAPHAEL, GIOVANNI DA UDINE, IL MORTO DA FELTRE, BERNARDO POCCETTI, MARCO PALMEZZANO, GAUDENZIO FERRARI AND OTHERS WHO IN TURN SPREAD THIS STYLE GIVING LIFE TO WHAT LONGHI DEFINES "THE CURIOUS GROTESQUE CIVILIZATION”. 
IT WAS THE WORKSHOP OF RAPHAEL SANZIO THAT CARRIED OUT A TRUE REFORM OF THIS GENRE BY INCREASING IN THIS WAY THE NUMBER OF REQUESTS BY CUSTOMERS AND AN ESTABLISHING A KIND OF CANON TO WOULD RESUME THE MANNERISM. 





​BRIEF INTRODUCTION

THE​ DOLCE STIL NOVO


​THE DOLCE STIL NOVO, ALSO KNOWN AS SWEET NEW STYLE, IS AN IMPORTANT ITALIAN POETIC MOTION THAT DEVELOPED IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 1200S. A CURRENT THAT MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE NEXT CENTURY, THE STIL NOVO INFLUENCED THE ITALIAN POETRY OF PETRARCH. BECOMING A GUIDE IN FACT OF DEEP RESEARCH TOWARDS A REFINED AND "NOBLE" EXPRESSION OF THEIR THOUGHTS, DISCONNECTING FROM THE VULGAR MUNICIPAL LANGUAGE AND THUS BRINGING THE ITALIAN TRADITION TO THE IDEAL OF A POPULAR AND COURTLY POETRY. NEW RHYMES WERE BORN, A POEM NO LONGER WAS CENTRED ON THE SUFFERING OF LOVERS BUT ALSO THE CELEBRATED OF SPIRITUAL GIFTS OF THE BELOVED. THE NEW STYLE POETIC ACQUIRED THE MOST HIGHLY RATED INTELLECTUAL AND QUALITATIVE CHARACTER, WITH THE REGULAR USE OF METAPHORS AND SYMBOLISM, AS THE MEANING OF WORDS BECAME TWOFOLD. 
THE NEW STYLISTS WERE BORN IN BOLOGNA, AND THEN GREW IN FLORENCE. THE MANIFESTO OF THIS NEW MOVEMENT WAS THE SONG OF GUINIZZELLI "AL COR GENTIL REMPAIRA SEMPRE AMORE" IN THIS PIECE HE EXPRESSED THE CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMAN. THE FEMALE FIGURE EVOLVED TO A FIGURE OF AN "ANGEL" AN INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, CAPABLE TO SUBLIME THE MALE DESIRE AS LONG AS THE MAN PROVED TO HAVE A KIND AND PURE HEART, SAY NOBLE OF SPIRIT; GENTLE HEART AND LOVE END UP THIS WAY TOTALLY IDENTIFYING THEMSELVES. THIS THEORY, CONFIRMED IN THE BEHAVIOUR OF MULTIPLE SYLLOGISMS, WILL REMAIN THE BASIS OF THE POETRY OF DANTE AND THOSE WHO TOOK PART IN STIL NOVO, THE NEXT GENERATION, WHICH YOU WILL SEE IN GUINIZZELLI AND ALIGHIERI AND THEIR MASTERS. 





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





golden bronze old pendulum, clocks





​​​​​​​​​​​ANTIQUE TRADE





​​​​H​OROLOGY